Chaitra Shukla Pratipadā is the first day of the bright fortnight of the Hindu lunar month of Chaitra. Also known as Gudhipadwā (Maharashtra) or Yugādi (Ugādi) Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh), is celebrated as the day Lord Brahma created the universe. This day is also the first day of Chaitra Navrātri and Ghatasthapanā also known as Kalash Sthapanā is done on this day. The word Yugādi can be explained as; ‘Yuga‘ is the word for ‘epoch’ or ‘era’, and ‘ādi’ stands for ‘the beginning’.
The day is celebrated with an auspicious bath, followed by decorating the main door with a garland(toran), performing ritualistic worship and hoisting the flag (DharmaDhwaj or Gudhi).
Pad – Means tending towards perfection or maturity.
Vā – In spirituality, the word ‘Vā’ indicates that which increases growth.
Lord Brahmadev’s creation of the universe i.e. a complete picture of the universe when ready, is pad. Later more was added or some alterations were made, so as to make the universe more beautiful and perfect. Therefore the day on which Lord Brahma perfected the creation of the universe is called padva. When the hoisting of the flag (DharmaDhwaj or Gudhi) was added to the celebrations, this day came to be known as Gudhipadwa.