Indian Knowledge Systems

ॐ असतो मा सद्गमय । तमसो मा ज्योतिर्गमय । मृत्योर्मामृतं गमय ।।
ॐ शान्ति शान्ति शान्तिः ।। – बृहदारण्यक उपनिषद् 1.3.28

Om, Lead me from ignorance to Truth, from darkness to Light, from death to Immortality.
Om, Peace Peace Peace. –Brhadaranyaka Upaniśad 1.3.28

The greatest contribution of India to the world is Her material and spiritual sciences. India’s seers unraveled and documented mysteries of the cosmos over the the centuries in a long continuous tradition. India’s knowledge systems were inspired by Her Dhārmic philosophy and underwent thousands of years of evolution through scientific inquiry, philosophical debates, meditation and creative expression.

The pursuit of Knowledge is the supreme goal of Dharma. Indian Rṣis were sages as well as scientists and had a deep insight into the principles of cosmic creation and dissolution, space-time relativity and natural evolution. The scope of their investigation however extended beyond the realms of objective science and mathematics into the world of the Divine. It is this wisdom tradition that gave rise to the Vedas, the Upanishads, Paninian grammar, Sangam literature, Sushruta Samhita, Yogasutra, Natyashastra, and several other gems of the human spirit. The world’s earliest university was established in Takshila in 700 BCE where over 10,000 students from all over the world studied more than 60 subjects. The University of Nalanda built in the 400 BCE was one of the greatest Indian accomplishments in the field of education.

Spirituality is the master key of the Indian mind. It is this dominant inclination of India which gives character to all the expressions of her culture. – Sri Aurobindo

A defining characteristic of Indian epistemology is the application of the intuitive dimension of the human mind – an area left vastly unexplored by western science and medicine. Since Indian seers were well established in the eternal laws of the universe, practical implementation of their ideas seldom required trial and error. This is what makes all applications of ancient Indian wisdom – be it Āyurvedic healthcare, Yoga, Samkhyā physics, Saṃskṛta grammar, Vāstu architecture, Tantra and Chakra systems, Nātya based dances and theater and traditional agriculture – universal, environment friendly, sustainable, and holistic.

 

Due to destruction of ancient Indian texts and libraries by imperialists and the impact of colonial educational, precious traditional knowledge has all but vanished from national consciousness. Indian discoveries such as those of calculus by Mādhavan, the decimal place value number system, calculation of the circumference of the earth by Āryabhata, methods of extraction of Zinc, invention of Wootz steel, invention of wireless radio by J.C.Bose and several others have either been ignored by historians or inaccurately credited to others.

Civilizations that lack a strong spiritual foundation often experiment with ideas that eventually give rise to disharmony and threaten our very existence. In contrast, the Indian civilization and its vast wealth of knowledge have withstood the test of time and the rigours of scientific validation.

In a world of ever-growing political turmoil, socio-economic uncertainty, and environmental destruction, it is our highest obligation to look back at time-tested alternatives rooted in India’s own history for the peaceful and sustainable evolution of humanity. Bhaarat.org is an an attempt to rekindle the light of ancient India and enlighten the world.