Pramāņa Systems

  Pratyaksha Pramāņa Pratyaksha or Perception implies direct, immediate cognition. There are two kinds of direct perception, external and internal. The ‘external’ perception implies cognition of sense objects, namely – sound, touch, form, taste and smell by our five sense organs or gyanendriyās – ears, skin, eyes, tongue and nose. When the sense organs contact their respective objects then the …